Acronyms Used in Teaching English

Acronyms are widely used in the field of education, and ESL (English as a Second Language) instruction is no exception. Here are some key acronyms you’ll encounter, along with explanations to help you understand them.

  • TESOL – Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages This refers to the field of teaching English to individuals whose native language is not English. TESOL teachers may work in a variety of settings, such as public schools, language institutes, or online platforms.
  • SLA – Second Language Acquisition This term refers to the process by which someone learns a second language. SLA research explores the cognitive, social, and psychological factors that influence language learning.
  • L1 – First Language (learner’s native language) L1 refers to the first language a person acquires, typically from birth or a very young age. In ESL contexts, L1 refers to the student’s native language.
  • L2 – Second Language (the English language being learned) L2 refers to the additional language a person is learning, which in ESL contexts is English.

Additional Acronyms for ESL Teaching Methods

Here are 10 additional acronyms to help you memorize common ESL teaching methods:

  • PPP – Presentation, Practice, Production This popular framework breaks down a lesson into three stages: presenting new language, practicing it through controlled activities, and providing opportunities for free production of the language.
  • TBL – Task-Based Learning TBL focuses on using tasks as the driving force for learning. Students complete tasks that require them to use English for communication and problem-solving.
  • CBI – Content and Language Integrated Learning CBI integrates language learning with other subject areas. Students acquire language while studying science, math, history, or other topics.
  • CLT – Communicative Language Teaching CLT emphasizes the importance of communication in language learning. Students develop their communicative skills through activities like role-plays, discussions, and simulations.
  • DOGME – Demonstration, Observation, Game, Mistake Correction, and Evaluation DOGME is a method that incorporates several elements: teachers demonstrate, students observe, then participate in games that practice the language, with opportunities for gentle mistake correction and evaluation.
  • WICOR – Writing, Inquiry, Collaboration, Oral Discussion, and Reflection WICOR is a framework that promotes the development of multiple language skills through writing, inquiry-based learning, collaboration, oral discussions, and reflection.
  • UBI – Understanding by Design UBI focuses on starting with learning goals (desired understandings) and then designing instruction and assessment to achieve those goals.
  • MALL – Mobile Assisted Language Learning MALL utilizes mobile devices like smartphones and tablets to enhance language learning. This can involve apps, games, or other mobile resources.
  • CALL – Computer-Assisted Language Learning CALL refers to using computers to support language learning. This can include software programs, online platforms, or digital resources.
  • DICT – Dictation Dictation can be a valuable tool for developing listening comprehension and spelling skills. Teachers dictate sentences or passages for students to write down.

By understanding and applying these acronyms, ESL teachers can create effective and engaging lesson plans that cater to the diverse needs of their students.