Sudan is a country in northeastern Africa. It is the largest in the African continent and the Arab World, and tenth largest in the world by area. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Kenya and Uganda to the southeast, Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. The country's name derives from "Sudd", which refers to a vast expanse of floating water plants or swamps. The earliest mention of the word "Sudd" in reference to modern Sudan appear in the writings of Seneca, who recorded an expedition sent by the Roman Emperor Nero to central Sudan in the first century A.D. Later in history, Arab writers, unaware of the origin of the word "Sudan", interpreted the term as being derived from the Arabic word "Soud", meaning "Blacks".
The people of Sudan have a long history extending from antiquity, which is intertwined with the history of Egypt, with which it was united politically over several periods. Sudan's history has also been plagued by civil war stemming from ethnic, religious, and economic conflict between the mostly Muslim and Arab population to the north, and non-Arab Black Africans to the south. Sudan is currently ranked as the second-most unstable country in the world according to the Failed States Index, due to its military dictatorship and the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Darfur. However, despite its internal conflicts, Sudan has managed to achieve economic growth.
Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972, but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than 2 million deaths and over 4 million people displaced over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords; a final Naivasha peace treaty of January 2005 granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years, after which a referendum for independence is scheduled to be held. A separate conflict that broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003 resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and over 1 million displaced, but by early 2005, peackeeping troops had stabilized the situation.
Education, equipment and empowerment: Supporting refugees in Sudan
Conflict, civil unrest, and economic crises in South Sudan have caused almost 800,000 people to flee the country. They have sought refuge in neighbouring Sudan, where vulnerable families must rebuild ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 08 Sep 2021 03:57:00 GMT
BMK: The shrewd businessman who thrived against all odds
Generations to come will read about his entrepreneurial journey and find a credible story of what it takes to succeed against so many odds ...
Publ.Date : Sun, 12 Sep 2021 04:05:00 GMT
Interview with children\'s rights activist and fearless journalist Inaam El Tayeb: \'We were attacked and criminalised by those who rejected our ideas\'
For Radio Dabanga?s Inspirational Women Series*, we spoke with children?s rights activist Inaam El Tayeb about her activism, her journalism career, government censorship, and defending children?s ...
Publ.Date : Fri, 17 Sep 2021 01:42:00 GMT
Refugee from Sudan to see wife after delay of 16 months
After he became a citizen, he returned to Sudan to marry his wife's cousin ... said he will help. "I'll teach her English," he said. "She'll teach me more Arabic." Ashraf and Amjed, a first ...
Publ.Date : Fri, 27 Aug 2021 17:01:00 GMT
Over 40 South Sudanese medical workers complete Chinese language course
More than 40 South Sudanese medical workers graduated on Wednesday after completing their three-month Chinese language course. Alier Nyok, Acting Director-General of Juba Teaching Hospital praised the ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 01 Sep 2021 14:39:00 GMT
British Council to shut offices in Europe and beyond amid financial crisis
Cultural and diplomatic institution to close offices in 11 countries from Belgium to the United States. LONDON ? The British Council, the U.K.?s main cultural and diplomatic institution abroad, is ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 08 Sep 2021 19:34:00 GMT
Sudan: ? Sudan - This Week\'s News in Brief ?
The lack of medicines and staff in the Port Sudan Teaching Hospital caused the death of a child on Monday. Darfur women accuse govt of violating Juba Peace Agreement August 31 - 2021 KHARTOUM ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 01 Sep 2021 04:52:00 GMT
Chinese doctors transform lives in South Sudan
JUBA - Chinese medical doctors' presence in South Sudan over the past years has helped ... done wonders in improving treatment at the Juba Teaching Hospital, according to James.
Publ.Date : Sat, 04 Sep 2021 03:32:00 GMT
South Sudan: Country?s first oxygen plant comes on stream at Juba hospital to help fight Covid-19
South Sudan has begun producing oxygen following the successful installation of the country?s first oxygen plant at Juba Teaching Hospital, set up with funding from the African Development Fund.
Publ.Date : Wed, 01 Sep 2021 20:23:00 GMT
Kenya/South Sudan: 11-0! Vihiga Queens Teach Yei Football Lesson One By One
Kenya's Vihiga Queens outclassed Yei Joint Stars of South Sudan 11-0 in their second Council of East and Central Africa Football Association (Cecafa) Women's Club Championship match at Moi ...
Publ.Date : Tue, 31 Aug 2021 17:00:00 GMT