Sudan is a country in northeastern Africa. It is the largest in the African continent and the Arab World, and tenth largest in the world by area. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, Kenya and Uganda to the southeast, Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. The country's name derives from "Sudd", which refers to a vast expanse of floating water plants or swamps. The earliest mention of the word "Sudd" in reference to modern Sudan appear in the writings of Seneca, who recorded an expedition sent by the Roman Emperor Nero to central Sudan in the first century A.D. Later in history, Arab writers, unaware of the origin of the word "Sudan", interpreted the term as being derived from the Arabic word "Soud", meaning "Blacks".
The people of Sudan have a long history extending from antiquity, which is intertwined with the history of Egypt, with which it was united politically over several periods. Sudan's history has also been plagued by civil war stemming from ethnic, religious, and economic conflict between the mostly Muslim and Arab population to the north, and non-Arab Black Africans to the south. Sudan is currently ranked as the second-most unstable country in the world according to the Failed States Index, due to its military dictatorship and the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Darfur. However, despite its internal conflicts, Sudan has managed to achieve economic growth.
Military regimes favoring Islamic-oriented governments have dominated national politics since independence from the UK in 1956. Sudan was embroiled in two prolonged civil wars during most of the remainder of the 20th century. These conflicts were rooted in northern economic, political, and social domination of non-Muslim, non-Arab southern Sudanese. The first civil war ended in 1972, but broke out again in 1983. The second war and famine-related effects resulted in more than 2 million deaths and over 4 million people displaced over a period of two decades. Peace talks gained momentum in 2002-04 with the signing of several accords; a final Naivasha peace treaty of January 2005 granted the southern rebels autonomy for six years, after which a referendum for independence is scheduled to be held. A separate conflict that broke out in the western region of Darfur in 2003 resulted in tens of thousands of deaths and over 1 million displaced, but by early 2005, peackeeping troops had stabilized the situation.
Sudan: Teachers\' Strike Threatens Basic and Secondary School Exams
Khartoum ? The ongoing strike by Sudan's teachers is set to continue into the next week, as educators threaten to boycott basic and secondary certificate exams if the demands are not met.
Publ.Date : Sun, 17 Apr 2022 11:42:00 GMT
Sudan: Violence exacerbating poverty and food insecurity
The impact of violence in terms of loss of land, crops, livestock and access to vital services, as well as high inflation (359% in 2021, according to the Central Bureau of Statistics), is taking a ...
Publ.Date : Thu, 28 Apr 2022 01:25:00 GMT
Sudan sanctuary offers haven for exotic birds
Nestled to the east of Sudan's capital Khartoum, a lush sanctuary is home to dozens of exotic birds from far and wide. Akram Yehia, owner of the 400-square-metre (4,300-square-foot) Marshall Nature ...
Publ.Date : Tue, 17 May 2022 02:36:39 GMT
South Sudanese, Chinese medics share lessons on global hand hygiene day
Jiang Shijun (L), a nurse with the Chinese medical team, and Jacob Pitia, Physiotherapist in Juba Teaching Hospital, take part in an event on World Hand Hygiene Day in Juba, South Sudan, on May 5, ...
Publ.Date : Thu, 05 May 2022 15:20:00 GMT
Sudan: More troops deployed to Darfur after tribal clashes
Sudan's military deployed further troops to ... OCHA said. The Genena Teaching Hospital, where wounded people were being treated, was also attacked Sunday with shooting took place inside the ...
Publ.Date : Mon, 25 Apr 2022 13:45:00 GMT
Trade unions leave their mark on migration policy in the East African Community
After years of pressure from the trade union movement in East Africa, the countries in the EAC (East African Community ? Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zanzibar, South Sudan ... teachers ...
Publ.Date : Wed, 04 May 2022 01:18:00 GMT
China?s armed forces always a force of justice safeguarding world peace
Recently, 15 members of the 12th Chinese peacekeeping engineering contingent to South Sudan received the Sector Commander ... They were invited by local middle schools to teach lessons on Chinese ...
Publ.Date : Tue, 26 Apr 2022 00:52:00 GMT
Displaced South Sudanese at U.N. base look to Maryknoll priest for hope
He had left Tanzania to join Solidarity with South Sudan, an international community of Catholic groups supporting teachers ... but some of them understood English. I stayed with them to show ...
Publ.Date : Sat, 23 Apr 2022 23:18:00 GMT
In Sudan, West Darfur is the scene of more massacres
The attackers did not spare schools (six teachers died) or health centers. A hospital supported by Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) was targeted, killing three people.
Publ.Date : Fri, 29 Apr 2022 03:25:00 GMT
(Hello Africa) South Sudanese, Chinese medics share lessons on global hand hygiene day
Jiang Shijun (L), a nurse with the Chinese medical team, and Jacob Pitia, the physiotherapist in Juba Teaching Hospital, take part in an event on World Hand Hygiene Day in Juba, South Sudan, on May 5, ...
Publ.Date : Fri, 06 May 2022 04:11:00 GMT